2019年12月英语四级真题 第1套

长对话



Section B
Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.


W: [8]The name of the TV show we wish to produce is Science Nation.
M: Please tell us more. What will Science Nation be about?
W: It'll be about science, all sorts of science. Each episode will focus on a different area of science, and tell us what we know, how we know it, and what we still don't know. The show will have one host only, and this will be Professor Susan Paul from Harvard University. She's a great public speaker.
M: So, just to be clear, will the show's format be like that of a documentary?
W: Kind of. It'll be like a documentary in the sense that it'll be non-fiction and fact-based. [9] However, our idea is for it to be also fun and entertaining, something which traditional documentaries aren't so much. Please keep in mind this will be a new TV show, like nothing ever done before.
M: [10] Okay, so it'll be both educational and entertaining, and your audience will be anyone interested in science, right?
W: That's correct, yes.
M: Right, thank you. So, I think we're more or less clear what the show will be like. Could you please tell us now, what exactly you want from us?
W: [11] Yes, of course. Basically, what we need from you is financial support. In order to go ahead with this idea, we need 2 million dollars. This will cover the cost of making all 12 shows in the first season for the first year. If the show is a success, we can then look at making a second season for the following year.

[8]我们想要制作的电视节目名叫《科学国度》。
:请多介绍一下。《科学国度》将呈现什么内容?
:节目内容与科学有关,涉及各种科学知识。每期节目将侧重科学的一个不同领域,并讲述关于我们已知的,如何得知的以及我们仍然不知道的科学知识。该节目将只有一位主持人,就是哈佛大学的苏珊·保罗教授。她是一位出色的公众演说家。
:那么,我想明确一下,节目的形式会像纪录片那样吗?
:有点儿像。从它不是虚构的且基于事实这个意义上而言,它确实像纪录片。[9]但是,我们的想法是让节目既有趣又有娱乐性,这是传统的纪录片所没有的。请记住,这将是一个全新的电视节目,以往的电视节目中没有类似的。
[10]好的,所以,你的节目既具有教育意义又具有娱乐性,你的观众是所有对科学感兴趣的人,对吗?
:对的,是这样。
:好的,谢谢。那么,我想大家或多或少了解了这个节目。你现在能告诉我们你到底想从我们这里得到什么吗?
[11]是的,当然。我们主要是需要你们的资金支持。为了推进这个想法,我们需要200万美元的资金。这笔资金会用来支付第一年第一季全部12期节目的制作费用。如果节目成功,我们可以考虑在第二年制作第二季。


Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.


8.What do we learn about the TV show Science Nation?
8.关于电视节目《科学国度》,我们了解到什么?
A) It will be produced at Harvard University.
A)它将在哈佛大学制作。
B) It will be hosted by famous professors.
B)它将由多位著名教授主持。
C) It will cover different areas of science.
C)它将涵盖科学的不同领域。
D) It will focus on recent scientific discoveries.
D)它将关注最近的科学发现。

9.In what way will the TV show Science Nation differ from traditional documentaries?
9.电视节目《科学国度》与传统纪录片有何不同?
A) It will be more futuristic.
A)它会更具未来感。
B) It will be more systematic.
B)它会更加系统。
C) It will be more entertaining.
C)它会更有趣。
D) It will be easier to understand.
D)它会更容易理解。

10.Who will be the intended audience of the TV show Science Nation?
10.电视节目《科学国度》的目标受众是什么人?
A) People interested in science.
A)对科学感兴趣的人。
B) Youngsters eager to explore.
B)渴望探索的年轻人。
C) Children in their early teens.
C)十几岁的孩子。
D) Students majoring in science.
D)理科专业的学生。

11.What does the woman want the man to do for the TV show?
11.女士希望男士为该电视节目做什么?
A) Offer professional advice.
A)Offer professional advice.
B) Provide financial support.
B)Provide financial support.
C) Help promote it on the Internet.
C)Help promote it on the Internet.
D) Make episodes for its first season.
D)Make episodes for its first season.

W: What's up with you? You don't look very happy.
M: [12] I feel like I'm a failure. I can't seem to do anything very well.
W: I wouldn't say that. You do very well in a lot of things. That presentation you gave last week was excellent.
M: [13] Yes, but I have this urge to strive for perfection. [12]I really want to push harder and progress further.
W: Well, that's very admirable. But be careful. Over concern with being perfect can damage our confidence if we never achieve it.
M: Yes, I know. [12]I feel awful whenever I make a mistake in whatever I'm trying to do.
W: Well, think about it. You can't make progress without making mistakes and learning from them. Thomas Edison, the famous inventor, once said, “I've not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.”
M: You may well be right. I guess I should recognize my mistakes and learn the lessons they teach me and move forward.
W: Also, remember a successful ending is not the only thing worthy of a celebration. You need to recognize each step of progress you take towards achieving your goals. And no matter how tiny it is, it's still good news.
M: [14]I always feel down when I see others accomplishing things and I feel miserable about my own achievements. I'm always trying to be as good as others, but I never seem to get there.
W: Listen. If you always compare yourself with others, you'll never feel good enough. [15]You're the only person you should be comparing yourself with. When you compare your current status with the starting point, you'll find you've made progress, right? That's good enough.
M: That's great advice. Thank you. I'm feeling better already.

:你怎么了?你看起来不太开心。
[12]我觉得我是个失败者。我似乎什么事情都做不好。
:我可不这么觉得。你在很多方面都做得很好。上周你的演讲非常出色。
[13]是的,但是我有追求完美的渴求。[12]我真的很想更加努力,取得更大的进步。
:嗯,这非常令人钦佩。不过还是要小心一些。如果我们永远无法实现完美,那么过分在意是否完美就可能有损我们的自信心。
:是的,我知道。[12]每当我在尽力做的事情中犯错时,我都觉得糟透了。
:嗯,想想吧。如果从不犯错,不从错误中吸取教训,你就无法取得进步。著名发明家托马斯·爱迪生曾说:“我从来没有失败过。我只是发现了一万种行不通的方法。”
:你可能是对的。我想我应该认识到自己的错误,并从中吸取教训,然后继续前进。
:另外,记住一个成功的结局并不是唯一值得庆祝的事情。你需要认识到你为实现目标所取得的每一步进展。而且不管实现的目标有多小,都依然是个好消息。
[14]当我看到别人取得成功时,我总是感到沮丧,对自己的成就感到痛苦。我一直想和别人一样优秀,但我似乎永远都无法做到。
:听着。如果你总是将自己与别人进行比较,那么你永远不会觉得自己优秀。[15]你唯一应该比较的人是你自己。当你把你现在的状态和起点比较一下,你就会发现你已经取得了进步,对吧?这就够了!
:这真是个好建议。谢谢你。我已经感觉好多了。


Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.


12.How does the man feel about himself?
12.男士对自己感觉如何?
A) Unsure.
A)不自信的。
B) Helpless.
B)无助的。
C) Concerned.
C)担心的。
D) Dissatisfied.
D)不满意的。

13.What does the woman think is the man's problem?
13.女士认为男士的问题是什么?
A) He is too concerned with being perfect.
A)他太在乎完美。
B) He loses heart when faced with setbacks.
B)面对挫折时他会灰心。
C) He is too ambitious in achieving goals.
C)在实现目标方面他过于雄心勃勃。
D) He takes on projects beyond his ability.
D)他承担超出其能力的工作。

14.How does the man feel when he sees others accomplishing things?
14.当男士看到别人取得成功时,他的感受如何?
A) Embarrassed.
A)尴尬的。
B) Unconcerned.
B)不关心的。
C) Miserable.
C)痛苦的。
D) Resentful.
D)愤恨的。

15.What does the woman suggest the man do?
15.女士建议男士做什么?
A) Try to be optimistic whatever happens.
A)无论发生什么事都要保持乐观。
B) Compare his present with his past only.
B)只拿他的现在和过去进行对比。
C) Always learn from others' achievements.
C)总是从别人的成就中学习。
D) Treat others the way he would be treated.
D)己所不欲勿施于人。




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