Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A）, B）, C）and D）. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
M:  It’s my last day at work tomorrow. I’ll start my new job in two weeks. My human resources manager wants to conduct an interview with me before I leave.
W: Ah, an exit interview. Are you looking forward to it?
M: I’m not sure how I feel about it. I resigned because I’ve been unhappy at that company for a long time, but I’m not sure if I should tell them how I really feel.
W: To my way of thinking, there are two main potential benefits that come from unleashing an agitated stream of truth during an exit interview. The first is release. Unburdening yourself of frustration, and perhaps even anger to someone who isn’t a friend or close colleague can be wonderfully free.
M: And let me guess. The second is that the criticism will, theoretically, help the organization I’m leaving to improve,making sure employees of the future are less likely to encounter what I did?
W: That’s right. But the problem with the company improvement part is that very often it doesn’t happen.  An exit interview is supposed to be private, but often isn’t. In my company, the information gained from these interviews is often not confidential, and the information is used as dirt against another manager, or can be traded among senior managers.
M: Now you’ve got me rethinking what I’ll disclose in the interview.  There’s always the chance that it could affect my reputation and my ability to network in the industry. It is a pretty small industry after all.
W: Anything you initially gained from the instant satisfaction of telling it like it is, you might lose down the track by injuring your future career prospects.
M: Right.  Perhaps I would be better getting things off my chest by going to one of those rate-your-employer websites.
W: You could. And don’t do the interview at all. Exit interviews are not mandatory.
Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
M: Today, I’m talking to the renowned botanist, Jane Foster.
W: Thank you for inviting me to join you on the show, Henry.
M:  Recently, Jane, you’ve become quite a celebrity, since the release of your latest documentary. Can you tell us a little about it?
W: Well, it follows my expedition to study the vegetation indigenous to the rainforest in equatorial areas of Southeast Asia.
M: You certainly get to travel to some very exotic locations.
W: It was far from glamorous, to be honest.  The area we visited was accessible only by canoe and the living conditions in the hut were primitive, to say the least. There was no electricity, and our water supply was a nearby stream.
M: How were the weather conditions while you were there?
W:  The weather was not conducive to our work at all, since the humidity was almost unbearable. At midday, we stayed in the hut and did nothing. It was too humid to either work or sleep.
M: How long did your team spend in the jungle?
W: Originally, we planned to be there for a month. But in the end, we stayed for only two weeks.
M: Why did you cut the expedition short?
W:  Halfway through the trip, we received news that a hurricane was approaching, and we had to evacuate at very short notice.
M: That sounds like a fascinating anecdote.
W: It was frightening. The fastest evacuation route was through river rapids. We had to navigate them carrying all of our equipment.
M:  So overall, was the journey unsuccessful?
W:  Absolutely not. We gathered a massive amount of data about the local plant life.
M: Why do you put up with such adverse conditions?
W: Botany is an obsession for me. Many of the destinations I visit have a stunning scenery, and I get to meet a variety of people from all over the world.
M: So where will your next destination be?
W: I haven’t decided yet.
M: Then we can leave it for another vacation. Thanks.
Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.