2021年6月英语六级真题 第1套


Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Most people dislike their jobs. It’s an astonishing but statistical fact. [16] A primary cause of employee dissatisfaction, according to fresh research, is that many believe they have terrible managers. Few describe their managers as malicious or manipulative, though. While those types certainly exist, they are a minority. The majority of managers seemingly just don’t know any better. They’re often emulating bad managers they’ve had in the past. It’s likely they’ve never read a management book or attended a management course. They might not have even reflected on what good management looks like and how it would influence their own management style.
The researchers interviewed employees about their managers, beginning with a question about the worst manager they had ever had. From this, the researchers came up with four main causes of why some managers are perceived as being simply awful at their jobs. [17] The first cause was company culture, which was seen by employees as enabling poor management practices. It was specifically stressful work environments, minimal training, and a lack of accountability that were found to be the most blameworthy. Often a manager’s superiors can effectively encourage a manager’s distasteful behavior when they fail to discipline the person’s wrong doings. Such workplaces are sometimes described as toxic. The second cause was attributed to the managers’ characteristics. Those deemed to be most destructive were odd people, those without drive, those who allow personal problems into the workplace, and those with an unpleasant temperament or personality in general. The third cause of poor management was associated with a deficiency of qualifications, not so much the formal variety one obtains from a university, but the informal variety that comes from credible work experience and professional accomplishments. The fourth cause concerned managers who’d been promoted for reasons other than potential. One reason in particular why these people had been promoted was that they had been around the longest. It wasn’t their skill set, or other merits that got them the job. It was their tenure.
[18] A point worth making is that the study was based only on the perspective of the employees. The researchers didn’t ask senior leaders what they thought of their frontline managers. It’s quite possible they are content with how the individuals they promoted are now performing, merrily ignorant of the damage they’re actually causing, which might explain why, as the researchers conclude, those same middle managers are usually unaware that they are a bad manager.


Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.

16.What is a primary cause of employee dissatisfaction according to recent research?
A) Unsuitable jobs.
B) Bad managers.
C) Insu ficient motivation.
D) Tough regulations.

17.What is one of the causes for poor management practices?
A) Inefective training.
B) Toxic company culture.
C) Lack of regular evaluation.
D) Overburdening of managers.

18.What do we learn about the study on job dissatisfaction?
A) It collected feedback from both employers and employees.
B) It was conducted from frontline managers’ point of view.
C) It provided meaningful clues to solving the problem.
D) It was based only on the perspective of employees.

[19] With the use of driverless vehicles seemingly inevitable, mining companies in the vast Australian desert state of Western Australia are definitely taking the lead. Iron ore is a key ingredient in steel-making. The mining companies here produce almost 300 million tons of iron ore a year. The 240 giant autonomous trucks in use, in the Western Australian mines, can weigh 400 tons, fully loaded, and travel at speeds of up to sixty kilometers per hour.They are a technological leap, transporting iron ore along routes which run for hundreds of kilometers from mines to their destinations. Here when the truck arrives at its destination, staf in the operation center direct it precisely where to unload. Vast quantities of iron ore are then transported by autonomous trains to ocean ports. [19] Advocates argue these automated vehicles will change mining forever. It may only be five years before the use of automation technology leads to a fully robotic mine.
A range of factors has pushed Western Australia’s desert region to the lead of this automation revolution. These include the huge size of the mines, the scale of equipment and the repetitive nature of some of the work. Then there’s the area’s remoteness. At 502,000 square kilometers, it can sometimes make recruiting staff a challenge. Another consideration is the risks when humans interact with large machinery. There are also the financial imperatives. The ongoing push by the mining corporations to be more productive and more efficient is another powerful driver in embracing automation technology.
The concept of a fully autonomous mine is a bit of a misleading term, however. This is because the more technology is put into the field, the more people are needed to deploy, maintain and improve it. [20] The automation and digitization of the industry is creating a need for different jobs. These include data scientists and engineers in automation and artificial intelligence. The mining companies claim automation and robotics present opportunities to make mining more sustainable and safer. Employees will be of ered a career that is even more fulfilling and more rewarding. [21] Workers’ unions have accepted the inevitability of the introduction of new technology. But they still have reservations about the rise of automation technology. Their main concern is the potential impact on remote communities. As automation spreads further, the question is how these remote communities will survive when the old jobs are eliminated. And this may well prove to be the most significant impact of robotic technology at many places around the world.


Questions 19 to 21 are based on the recording you have just heard.

19.What does the passage say about the mining industry in Western Australia?
A) It is seeing an automation revolution.
B) It is bringing prosperity to the region.
C) It is yielding an unprecedented profit.
D) It is expanding at an accelerating speed.

20.What is the impact of the digitization of the mining industry?
A) It exhausts resources sooner.
B) It creates a lot of new jobs.
C) It causes conflicts between employers and employees.
D) It calls for the retraining of unskilled mining workers.

21.What is the attitude of workers’ unions towards the introduction of new technology?
A) They welcome it with open arms.
B) They will wait to see its efect.
C) They are strongly opposed to it.
D) They accept it with reservations.

[22] According to o ficial statistics, Thailand’s annual road death rate is almost double the global average. Thai people know that their roads are dangerous, but they don’t know this could easily be changed. Globally, road accidents kill more people every year than any infectious disease. Researchers at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in America put the death toll in 2017 at 1.24 million. [23] According to the institute, the overall number of deaths has been more or less static since the turn of the century. But that disguises a lot of changes in individual countries.
In many poor countries, road accidents are killing more people than ever before. Those countries have swelling,young populations, a fast-growing fleet of cars and motorbikes, and a limited supply of surgeons. It is impossible to know for sure, because o ficial statistics are so inadequate. But deaths are thought to have risen by 40% since 1990 in many low-income countries.
In many rich countries, by contrast, roads are becoming even safer. In Estonia and Ireland, for example, the number of deaths has fallen by about two thirds since the late 1990s. [24] But the most important and intriguing changes are taking place in middle-income countries, which contain most of the world’s people and have some of the most dangerous roads. According to researchers in China and South Africa, tra fic deaths have been falling since 2000 and in India since 2012, and the Philippines reached its peak four years ago.
The question is whether Thailand can soon follow suit. Rob McInerney, head of the International Road Assessment Program, says that all countries tend to go through three phases. They begin with poor, slow roads. In the second phase,as they grow wealthier, they pave the roads, allowing tra fic to move faster and pushing up the death rate. Lastly, in the third phase, countries act to make their roads safer.
The trick, then, is to reach the third stage sooner, by focusing earlier and more closely on fatal accidents. How to do that? [25] The solution lies not just in better infrastructure, but in better social incentives. Safe driving habits are practices which people know they should follow but often don’t. Dangerous driving is not a fixed cultural trait, as some imagine. People respond to incentives such as tra fic laws that are actually enforced.


Questions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.

22.What does the speaker say about traffic accidents in Thailand?
A) Their cost to the nation’s economy is incalculable.
B) They kill more people than any infectious disease.
C) Their annual death rate is about twice that of the global average.
D) They have experienced a gradual decline since the year of 2017.

23.What do we learn from an American institute’s statistics regarding road deaths?
A) They show a dif erence between rich and poor nations.
B) They don’t reflect the changes in individual countries.
C) They rise and fall from year to year.
D) They are not as reliable as claimed.

24.What is said about middle-income countries?
A) Many of them have increasing numbers of cars on the road.
B) Many of them are following the example set by Thailand.
C) Many of them have seen a decline in road-death rates.
D) Many of them are investing heavily in infrastructure.

25.What else could be done to reduce fatal road accidents in addition to safer roads?
A) Foster better driving behavior.
B) Provide better training for drivers.
C) Abolish all outdated tra fic rules.
D) Impose heavier penalties on speeding.

如果你觉得网站对你有帮助,可以 支付宝 扫描二维码请站长喝咖啡。



Q Q:1171651136



  • ..


  • 第二篇听力音频不对啊


  • @chacha


  • different中间有空格


  • section C从 [17]往下3行,有效地:effectively(漏了f)


  • @feng.sir
    已修改, 谢谢你的反馈。


  • 怎么没有翻译的呢


  • @jiuyue_.


  • 第48题B选项中,"efect"有误,应该是"effect"。


  • 第54题D选项中,"efects"有误,应该是"effects"。


  • 第16题C选项,"Insu ficient"有误,应为"Insufficient"。