Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identif ed by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
A new study has drawn a bleak picture of cultural inclusiveness reflected in the children’s literature available in Australia. Dr. Helen Adam from Edith Cowan University’s School of Education __ 26 __ the cultural diversity of children’s books. She examined the books __ 27 __ in the kindergarten rooms of four day-care centers in Western Australia. Just 18 percent of 2,413 books in the total collection contained any __ 28 __ of non-white people.Minority cultures were often featured in stereotypical or tokenistic ways, for example, by __ 29 __ Asian culture with chopsticks and traditional dress. Characters that did represent a minority culture usually had __ 30 __ roles in the books. The main characters were mostly Caucasian. This causes concern as it can lead to an impression that whiteness is of greater value.
Dr. Adam said children formed impressions about ‘difference’ and identity from a very young age.Evidence has shown they develop own-race __ 31 __ from as young as three months of age. The books we share with young children can be a valuable opportunity to develop children’s understanding of themselves and others. Books can also allow children to see diversity. They discover both similarities and dif erences between themselves and others. This can help develop understanding, acceptance and __ 32 __ of diversity.
Census data has shown Australians come from more than 200 countries. They speak over 300 languages at home. Additionally, Australians belong to more than 100 dif erent religious groups. They also work in more than 1,000 dif erent occupations. “Australia is a multicultural society. The current __ 33 __ promotion of white middle-class ideas and lifestyles risks __ 34 __ children from minority groups. This can give white middle-class children a sense of __ 35 __ or privilege,” Dr. Adam said.
一项新的研究描绘了澳大利亚儿童文学所反映出来的严峻的文化包容性形势。埃迪斯·科文大学教育学院的海伦·亚当博士 __  __ 调查了儿童书籍的文化多样性。她检查了澳大利亚西部四个日托中心幼儿园 __  __ 收藏的书籍。在所有2413本藏书中，只有18%包含非白人的 __  __ 描绘。少数族裔的文化通常以刻板或象征性的方式呈现，例如，用筷子和传统服装来 __  __ 描述亚裔人的文化。那些代表少数族裔文化的人物通常在书中扮演 __  __ 次要角色。主要人物大多是白人。这引起了人们的关注，因为它会给人一种印象，认为身为白种人更有价值。
亚当博士说，孩子们在很小的时候就对“差异”和身份形成了印象。有证据表明，他们在三个月大的时候就产生了自己的种族 __  __ 偏见。我们与小孩子们分享的书籍可以是一个宝贵的机会，用来培养孩子们对自己和他人的理解。书籍还能让孩子们看到人类的多样性。他们会发现自己和他人之间的相似之处和不同之处。这有助于培养他们对人类多样性的理解、接受和 __  __ 欣赏。
人口普查数据显示，澳大利亚人来自200多个国家。他们各自在家里说的语言加起来超过300种。此外，澳大利亚人属于100多个不同的宗教团体。他们还从事1000多种不同的职业。亚当博士说：“澳大利亚是一个多元文化的社会。目前对白人中产阶级思想和生活方式的 __  __ 大力推广，有使孩子 __  __ 疏远少数族裔群体的风险。这会给白人中产阶级的孩子一种 __  __ 优越感或特权意识。”