Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
M:  Mr. Brown’s lectures are so boring.
W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.
M: During every one of these lectures, I try to listen, I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?
W:  Well, what I do is keep my pen moving.
M: What do you mean?
W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about.  One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see, writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.
M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?
W: Sometimes, but that’s not important. My notes may or may not be useful, but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brown says, I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little, too.
M: You draw in class, and that helps you pay attention?
W: Yes, honestly, it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read.  It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate. Again, the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I’m at home and I need to study, what I do is read out loud. It has a similar effect to writing by hand.  It helps memorize information in a physical way.
Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
M: And, where’s this?
W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India.  We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.
M: Was it romantic?
W: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600s, and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child.  The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died, that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.
M: Wow! That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.
W: Yes, it’s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens and a wall around it all.  It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.
M: It must have been very crowded when you were there.
W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination, so there are thousands of visitors every day.
M: Was the rest of India crowded?
W:  Yes, very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets, especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people are friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.
M: What about the food?
W: Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.