2018年12月英语四级真题 第1套

长对话



Section B
Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.


M: [8] Mr. Brown’s lectures are so boring.
W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.
M: During every one of these lectures, I try to listen, I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?
W: [9] Well, what I do is keep my pen moving.
M: What do you mean?
W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about. [9] One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see, writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.
M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?
W: Sometimes, but that’s not important. My notes may or may not be useful, but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brown says, I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little, too.
M: You draw in class, and that helps you pay attention?
W: Yes, honestly, it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read. [10] It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate. Again, the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I’m at home and I need to study, what I do is read out loud. It has a similar effect to writing by hand. [11] It helps memorize information in a physical way.

:[8]布朗先生的讲座太无聊了。
:是的,他不是一个非常激动人心的演讲者。但这个科目很有趣。
:在每一次讲座中,我都尽力听,我真的尽力了。但大约10分钟后,我的思维就开始开小差了,我的注意力也不集中了。但我看你似乎没事。你是如何在整整一小时里保持专注的?
:[9]嗯,我所做的就是让我的笔一直动。
:你指的是什么?
:这是我读到的一种主动集中注意力的方法。[9]集中注意力最有效的方法之一就是写下来。但必须手写完成,而不是在键盘上打字。你看,用手写字会迫使你以一种更依赖身体动作的方式让自己真正地投入到正在学习的东西中。
:之后你会复习你的笔记吗?
:有时候会,但这并不重要。我的笔记可能有用,也可能没有用,但重点是通过写下布朗先生所说的内容,我可以更轻松地跟随他的思路。事实上,有时我也会画一画。
:你在课堂上画画,而这有助于你集中注意力?
:是的,老实说,这对我有用。我只是画细细的线条和一些无意义的东西。这也是我读过的那篇文章中提到的方法。[10]这可以让人保持头脑活跃,防止感到无聊,并有助于集中注意力。同样,关键是要在保持笔一直动的同时努力倾听。如果我在家需要学习的话,我采用的做法就是大声朗读。这与用手书写效果相似。[11]这有助于以一种依赖身体动作的方式记忆信息。


Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.


8.What does the man think of Mr. Brown’s lectures?
8.男士对布朗先生的讲座有什么看法?
A) Informative.
A)能提供有用信息的。
B) Inspiring.
B)鼓舞人心的。
C) Dull.
C)无聊的。
D) Shallow.
D)肤浅的。

9.What does the woman do during Mr. Brown’s lectures?
9.在布朗先生的讲座上,女士会做什么事?
A) She types on a keyboard.
A)她在键盘上打字。
B) She does recording.
B)她录音。
C) She takes photos.
C)她拍照。
D) She takes notes.
D)她记笔记。

10.Why does the woman draw in class?
10.女士为什么在课堂上画画?
A) It keeps her mind active.
A)这让她保持头脑活跃。
B) It makes her stay awake.
B)这让她保持清醒。
C) It enables her to think hard.
C)这让她努力思考。
D) It helps her kill time.
D)这有助于她消磨时间。

11.What does the woman say about reading out loud?
11.女士对于大声朗读有什么看法?
A) It enables her to improve her pronunciation.
A)这使她能够提高自己的发音水平。
B) It helps her better remember what she learns.
B)这有助于她更好地记住学到的东西。
C) It turns out to be an enjoyable way of learning.
C)结果证明这是一种愉快的学习方式。
D) It proves to be far more effective than writing.
D)结果证明这比书写有效得多。

M: And, where’s this?
W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India. [12] We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.
M: Was it romantic?
W: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600s, and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child. [13] The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died, that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.
M: Wow! That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.
W: Yes, it’s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens and a wall around it all. [14] It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.
M: It must have been very crowded when you were there.
W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination, so there are thousands of visitors every day.
M: Was the rest of India crowded?
W: [15] Yes, very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets, especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people are friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.
M: What about the food?
W: Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.

:还有,这是哪儿?
:这些照片都是在印度的泰姬陵拍摄的。[12]大约十年前我们去那里度了蜜月。
:这地方浪漫吗?
:是的。泰姬陵是一个非常浪漫的地方。导游告诉我们,这座建筑背后有一个著名的爱情故事,所有的印度人在学校里都会学到它。我想这个故事发生在17世纪,当时的王妃在生第14个孩子的时候去世了。[13]皇帝非常爱这位王妃,当她去世时他感到非常难过,于是下令建造这座宫殿来纪念她。
:哇!这听起来非常浪漫。它看起来令人惊叹。
:是的,很华丽。而且,它实际上比在照片中看起来更高大。这座建筑很高,周围有花园和围墙。[14]全部都是用这种白色石头建造成的,建筑物的一些墙壁上还装饰着珠宝。
:你在那里时一定非常拥挤。
:是的,这是一个非常著名的旅游目的地,所以每天都有成千上万的游客。
:印度的其他地方也很拥挤吗?
[15]是的,很多城市都非常拥挤。有的时候太拥挤了,都很难沿着街道走,特别是穿过繁忙的市场时。而且还有很多车。交通很糟糕,但是人们很友好。文化非常棒,我们度过了美好的时光。
:食物怎么样?
:印度菜很棒。有许多不同的菜肴可供尝试,每个地区也都有自己的特色食品。


Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.


12.For what purpose did the woman go to India?
12.女士去印度的目的是什么?
A) To spend her honeymoon.
A)度蜜月。
B) To try authentic Indian food.
B)尝试正宗的印度菜。
C) To take photos of the Taj Mahal.
C)拍摄泰姬陵的照片。
D) To trace the origin of a love story.
D)追溯一个爱情故事的起源。

13.Why was the Taj Mahal built?
13.为什么建造泰姬陵?
A) In memory of a princess.
A)为了纪念一位王妃。
B) In honor of a great emperor.
B)为了纪念一位伟大的皇帝。
C) To mark the death of an emperor of the 1600s.
C)为了纪念一位17世纪的皇帝的逝世。
D) To celebrate the birth of a princess’s 14th child.
D)为了庆祝一位王妃的第14个孩子的诞生。

14.What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal?
14.关于泰姬陵,女士提到了什么?
A) It looks older than expected.
A)它看起来比预期的要古老。
B) It is built of wood and bricks.
B)它是由木头和砖块建成的。
C) It stores lots of priceless antiques.
C)它储存了许多无价的古董。
D) It has walls decorated with jewels.
D)它有的墙壁上装饰着珠宝。

15.What is the woman’s impression of Indian cities?
15.女士对印度城市的印象是什么?
A) Their streets are narrow.
A)它们的街道很狭窄。
B) Each one has a unique character.
B)每个城市都是独特的。
C) They are mostly crowded.
C)它们大多都很拥挤。
D) Life can be tedious in some places.
D)在一些地方,生活可能很乏味。




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留言板

  • 第一篇没有题目哎。。。

    SharpKon

  • @SharpKon
    感谢反馈错误。已修改错误。作为感谢,已经帮你解锁了所有真题的权限。

    ooeo

  • 47题应该选B吧?

    chongya

  • @chongya
    You're right。感谢反馈,已修改。

    ooeo

  • 第43题应该选J吧

    cangshanfuxue

  • @ cangshanfuxue
    感谢反馈,已修改。

    ooeo