Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A）, B）, C）and D）. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Homework is an important part of schooling, but the purposes of giving children homework will change as they grow older.  At the primary level, the main aim is to cultivate good habits, like learning to plan and exercising self-discipline. During the secondary school years, extending what is learned at school is positively related to academic achievement, so the content of homework becomes more important. So how can you help your child do their best?  Creating an ideal working environment will make it easier for them to get down to their assignments quickly. Make sure it's free of distractions, and—for primary school children at least—somewhere near you, so you can answer questions and offer encouragement. You probably have to help younger children plan their session, but it's important that by the end of primary school it's second nature. Get them to tell you everything they have to do, then encourage them to establish an order in which they do work.  When there are several different assignments, make sure they begin with one they enjoy, so it seems easy to get started. It's best to take on the most difficult task second—once they're settled, but before they get tired. If older children have more than an hour of homework, encourage them to schedule a short break to stretch. If you encourage them to tell you what they've learned, they'll absorb the information more deeply and remember it more readily.
家庭作业是学校教育的重要组成部分，但随着孩子年龄的增长，给他们留家庭作业的目的会随之改变。 在小学阶段，作业的主要目的是培养良好的习惯，如学会列学习计划和培养自律性。在中学阶段，把在学校里学到的东西进行延伸与学业成绩呈正相关，因此家庭作业的内容变得更加重要。那么你怎样才能帮助你的孩子做到最好呢？ 创造一个理想的学习环境会让他们更容易迅速地开始做作业。确保他们不受干扰，同时让他们就在你附近（至少对小学生来说应该如此），这样你就可以回答他们的问题并给予他们鼓励。你很可能还需要帮助年幼的孩子安排做作业的先后顺序，但重要的是，等他们小学结束时，要让他们习惯成自然。让他们告诉你他们要做的每一件事，然后鼓励他们给待完成的作业进行排序。 面临几项不同的作业时，要确保他们先从自己喜欢的作业开始，这样似乎更容易上手。然后，最好再做难度最大的作业—在他们适应后开始，但是要在感到疲劳前结束。如果大一点的孩子的作业超过一个小时，可以鼓励他们安排一个短暂的休息时间来伸展身体。如果你鼓励他们跟你说自己学到了什么，他们就能更加深入地理解所学的内容，并且更容易记住这些内容。
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Workers at Mexican Oil Company will receive a health incentive of almost $300 a year if they meet certain body weight standards. To qualify for the bonus,  they must maintain a healthy weight. For those who are overweight or obese, they can receive the bonus if they reduce their weight by 10% during the year. Some applaud the policy as fair, because it rewards both individuals who maintain a healthy weight and those who are working towards achieving it.  But critics say the policy contradicts recommendations by many health experts who warned that a person's weight is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. That means weight can be hard for individuals to control, which makes the bonus unfair.
Some experts say the policy is inconsistent with the science of what we know about body weight regulation. These experts argue that focusing on weight is the wrong approach.  A more productive method of encouraging health among employees is to promote healthy behaviors. For example, companies can give workers gym memberships, or encourage participation in lectures on healthy eating and living. They can also reduce sweets and provide healthier snacks in the office and healthier meals at the company canteen. Or they can give employees more time during their lunch break to exercise. These are much better and much more productive ways for companies to move forward on their employees' wellbeing.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Campaigners have warned that  the British government is not doing enough to prevent left-handed pupils from falling behind their peers. They claim that thousands of children are still being penalized for being left-handed. This is due to a lack of action from ministers who failed to take any meaningful action for years. It is feared that a failure to address early-year challenges, such as poor handwriting, leads to much more serious problems down the line with these pupils facing reduced career prospects.
 Studies in recent years show that left-handed children are more likely to suffer with learning difficulties, and their scores are lower on IQ tests. Campaigners feel it's strange that children in British schools are penalized because they happen to be left-handed. They don't understand why successive governments have failed to act on this.  They want the Department of Education to record which children are left-handed and what their educational attainments are, since they make up some 10% of the population. In early-year education, left-handed children are struggling and making a mess of their handwriting. Educators don't know how to deal with this. In many cases, there's no active help and a lack of teacher training.  Campaigners point out that a high percentage of the prison population is left-handed. They say that these prison numbers are unusually high and ask why it is the case.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.