2021年12月英语四级真题 第2套


Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

[16] A new study carried out by the University of Lincoln has found a link between the personalities of cat owners and the behaviour and wellbeing of their cats. The findings suggest that just as a parent's personality can affect the personality of a child, the same is true for a cat and its owner. Owners defined as individuals with high levels of anxiety, fear, anger, depression, and loneliness were more likely to have cats with behavioural issues. Such cats displayed more aggressive and anxious behavioural styles as well as more stress-related sickness. They were also more likely to have an ongoing medical condition and be overweight. The research also found that mentally well-adjusted owners had calmer, happier and healthier cats. The researchers explained that many owners regard their pets as a family member and form close social bonds with them. [17] The majority of owners want to provide the best care for their pets and it is therefore possible that pets could be affected by the way their owners interact with and manage them. The study highlights an important relationship between our personalities and the wellbeing of our pets. [18] Further research is needed to investigate the causal nature of this relationship, and to look at how owners' personalities are directly influencing their pets' behaviour and wellbeing. It is possible that the wellbeing of pets is driven by the underlying nature of the owner, not simply by their conscious decisions and behaviours.


Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.What do we learn from the new study by the University of Lincoln?
A) More and more people are treating pet cats like their children.
B) Parents and cat owners alike experience high levels of anxiety.
C) Owners' personalities affect their cats' behaviour and wellbeing.
D) Parents' personalities can affect the personalities of their children.

17.What does the passage say most pet owners want to do?
A) Give their pets behavioural training.
B) Interact with their pets in novel ways.
C) Know their pets' feelings and desires.
D) Provide their pets with the best care.

18.What does the passage say is still needed to understand the effects of owners' personalities on their pets?
A) Further investigation.
B) Collection of more data.
C) More extensive sampling.
D) More convincing explanation.

One 60-minute run can add 7 hours to your life. This was a claim made by The Times last week. The claim was based on a new review of studies about the effects of running. [19] The review concluded that on average runners live 3 years longer than non-runners, and that running does more to extend life than any other form of exercise. But there's more to running than its health benefits. [20] Research published in recent years has shown that running changes your brain and mind in some fascinating ways, from increasing your brain function to regulating your emotions. However, the precise effects vary according to whether you engage in short, fast running or long-distance running. For example, in one study, researchers compared participants' ability to learn new words after several minutes of intense running and after 40 minutes of gentle running. Participants were able to learn 20% faster after the intense running and they showed a superior memory when tested again a week later. In another study, researchers asked volunteers to jog for 30 minutes and then showed them clips from a sad movie. [21] Participants who usually struggled to handle negative emotions were more intensely affected by the sad clips, just as you'd expect. But crucially, this was less so if they had completed the 30 minutes jog. The researchers said moderate exercise appears to have helped those participants to be less vulnerable to the impact of the sad movie.


Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.What did the new review of studies claim?
A) Running is the easiest form of exercise for most people.
B) People should exercise at least 60 minutes every day.
C) Running is the best exercise for extending one's life.
D) People should do more running than mere walking.

20.What is one effect that running has on people according to recent research?
A) Accelerating their blood circulation.
B) Slowing down their ageing process.
C) Regulating their breathing rate.
D) Improving their brain function.

21.What did another study find about the participants after they had a 30-minute jog?
A) They were less affected by sad movies.
B) They were more eager to enjoy a movie.
C) They struggled to handle negative emotions.
D) They found it easy to control their emotions.

Welcome to the tour of the Hill House. This house, built in 1904, is one of the most well-known works of Charles Hill, the famous architect. It was designed and built for a local entrepreneur and his family. [22] Before starting the tour, let me give you a brief introduction about the design of this amazing building. [23] Prior to beginning his design, the architect spent some time in the client's old home, observing their life and studying their habits. This meant that he could design the house according to the needs of the family. [24] The client's main desire was to have a home with a unique design. So the architect was given complete freedom. The building style is radically different from what was the fashion of the period. At the time, most large homes were constructed of timber and brick. This one, however, is made of concrete, a novel construction material in those days. The interior of the house, including fittings and furniture, was also designed by the same person. Most of the furniture you will see, is original and in good condition. [25] However, those pieces in the children's bedrooms are copies built to the designs of the architect. Fortunately, all the blueprints for both the building and its contents have been preserved, so we've been able to replace badly damaged furniture. Let's begin our tour, starting from the rooms.


Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22.What do we learn about the speaker?
A) He is a famous architect.
B) He is a tour guide.
C) He is a local entrepreneur.
D) He is the owner of the Hill House.

23.What did the architect do before beginning his design?
A) He studied the blueprints of other famous buildings.
B) He inquired about his client's family background.
C) He took a tour of his client's old home.
D) He observed his client's life and habits.

24.What did the architect's client mainly want?
A) A house of a unique design.
B) A house of the current fashion.
C) A house with a lot of free space.
D) A house made of timber and brick.

25.What do we learn about the pieces of furniture in the children's bedrooms?
A) They were badly damaged but restored.
B) They were designed by another architect.
C) They are copies built to the architect's designs.
D) They are well preserved and in pretty good shape.

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