2021年12月英语六级真题 第1套


Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

The Caribbean islands are divided into two worlds, a rich one and a poor one.[16]This tropical region's economy is based mainly on farming. Farmers are of two types. One is the plantation owner who may have hundreds of thousands of acres. In contrast, the small cultivator is working only a few acres of land. Most visitors to the Caribbean are rich, like the plantation owner. They do not realize or do not want to realize that many farm families barely manage to get by on what they grow.
The Caribbean produces many things.[17]Sugar is the main product. Other export crops are tobacco, coffee, bananas, spices and citrus fruits, such as orange, lemon or grapefruit. From the West Indies also come oil, mineral pitch and many forest products. Jamaica's aluminum ore supplies are the world's largest. Oil comes from Trinidad, Aruba and Curacao. But for many of the smaller islands, sugar is the only export. Rum, a strong alcoholic drink—which is distilled from sugar cane—is also an export. The world's best rum comes from this area. Local kinds vary from the light rums of Puerto Rico to the heavier, darker rums of Barbados and Jamaica. American tourists enjoy stocking up on inexpensive high-quality Caribbean rum while they're on vacation. In Curacao, the well-known liquor of that name is made from the thick, outer skin of a native orange.
Ever since America's colonial days, the Caribbean islands have been favorite places to visit. Since World War II, tourism has increased rapidly because great numbers of people go there. The islanders have built elaborate resorts, developed harbors and airfields, improved beaches and have expanded sea and air routes. Everything is at the resort—hotel, beach, shopping and recreation. The vacationer never has any reason to explore the island.
As in most places, those who have money live well, indeed; those who don't have money live at various levels of poverty, but here the poor greatly outnumber the wealthy. A visitor will find rich people living in apartments or Spanish houses at the seaside or in the countryside. Their service might include a cook, a maid and a nurse for the children.[18]Most of the people live well below the poverty level. In towns, they live crowded together in tiny houses. Islanders make the best they can of what they have. Their homes are quite shabby. Sadly, most tourists never see this side of the Caribbean.


Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.

16.What does the speaker say about the economy of the Caribbean islands?
A) It depends heavily on tourism.
B) It is flourishing in foreign trade.
C) It is mainly based on agriculture.
D) It relies chiefly on mineral export.

17.What is the main product of the Caribbean islands?
A) Tobacco.
B) Bananas.
C) Coffee.
D) Sugar.

18.What do we learn about the majority of people in the Caribbean islands?
A) They toil on farms.
B) They live a poor life.
C) They live in Spanish-style houses.
D) They hire people to do housework.

Talk to anyone who is a generation or two older, and they would most likely comment that children are more spoiled these days. No one wants to have or be around demanding, selfish and spoiled children, those who get bad-tempered or silently brood when they're not given everything they want immediately. Paradoxically, the parents of such children encourage this demanding behavior in the mistaken belief that by giving their children everything they can, their children will be happy. In the short term, perhaps they are right.[19]But in the longer term, such children end up lonely, dependent, chronically dissatisfied and resentful of the parents who try so hard to please them.
Undoubtedly, parents want to raise happy children who are confident, capable and likable, rather than spoiled and miserable.[20]One factor hindering this is that parents can't or don't spend enough quality time with their kids and substitute this deficit with toys, games, gadgets and the like. Rather than getting material things, children need parents' devoted attention. The quantity of time spent together is less important than the content of that time. Instead of instantly satisfying their wishes, parents should help them work out a plan to earn things they'd like to have. This teaches them to value the effort as well as what it achieves. Allow them to enjoy anticipation. Numerous psychological studies have demonstrated that children who learn to wait for things they desire are more likely to succeed in a number of ways later in life.
One famous experiment in the 1960s involved 3- to 6-year-old children. They were given a choice between receiving a small reward, such as a cookie immediately, or if they waited 15 minutes, they could have two. Follow-up studies have found that those who chose to delay satisfaction are now more academically successful, have greater self-worth, and even tend to be healthier.[21]If they fail, children should be encouraged to keep trying, rather than to give up, if they really want the desired result. This teaches them how to handle and recover from disappointment, which is associated with greater success and satisfaction academically, financially, and in personal relationships. And lastly, parents should encourage their children to look at life from other points of view as well as their own. This teaches them to be understanding of and sympathetic towards others—qualities sure to take them a long way in life.


Questions 19 to 21 are based on the recording you have just heard.

19.What will happen to children if they always get immediate satisfaction?
A) They will be more demanding of their next generation.
B) They will end up lonely, dependent and dissatisfied.
C) They will experience more setbacks than successes.
D) They will find it difficult to get along with others.

20.What may prevent parents from raising confident and capable children?
A) Failure to pay due attention to their behavior.
B) Unwillingness to allow them to play with toys.
C) Unwillingness to satisfy their wishes immediately.
D) Failure to spend sufficient quality time with them.

21.Why should children be encouraged to keep trying when they fail?
A) It will enable them to learn from mistakes.
B) It will help them to handle disappointment.
C) It will do much good to their mental health.
D) It will build their ability to endure hardships.

It's not hard to mess up an interview. Most people feel nervous sitting across from a hiring manager, answering questions that effectively open themselves up for judgment.[22]And your chances of being more carefully considered for the job can quickly go downhill just by saying the wrong thing at the wrong time.[23]The most obvious thing not to do is complain. Employers want to hire positive people. Talking about a previous job negatively raises concerns that you might be difficult to manage, or you might be someone that blames management for your own poor performance. Don't say that you've moved around in jobs because you haven't found the right fit or feel that you were not challenged enough. Statements like these will make you sound aimless and lost. And interviewer may well think why would this role be any different for you. You will probably leave here in six months. It also begs a question of what type of relationship you had with your manager. It doesn't sound like you had open communication with him or her.
[24]Managers usually love people who can self-sustain and enable growth through taking initiative, who are strong at following through their work and who bring ideas and solutions to the table. If you were in a management or leadership position when discussing your current role, never take all the credit for accomplishments or achievements. Emphasize your team and how through their talents your vision was realized. Most successful leaders know that they are only as good as their team. And acknowledging this in an interview will go a long way towards suggesting that you might be the right person for the position you are applying for.
Lastly, have a good idea of what your role would be. And try and convey the idea that you're flexible. Asking what your role would be suggests you will limit yourself purely to what is expected of you. In reality, your role is whatever you make of it.[25]This is especially true in small companies, where the ability to adapt and take on new responsibilities is highly valued. And this is equally important, if you're just starting out. Entry-level interviewees would do well to demonstrate a broad set of skills in most interviews. It's important to have a wide skill set, as many startups and small companies are moving really fast. Employers are looking for candidates that are intelligent and can quickly adapt and excel in a growing company.

搞砸一次面试并不难。大多数人坐在招聘经理对面都会感到紧张,回答的问题实际上是让自己公开接受评判。[22] 如果你在错误的时间说了错误的话,你被更加认真考虑入选的可能性就会迅速降低。[23] 最明显的事情就是不要抱怨。雇主希望招聘积极向上的人。消极地谈论上一份工作会让雇主更加担心你可能是很难管理的员工,或者你可能会因为自己的工作表现不好而指责管理人员。不要说你不停跳槽是因为你没有找到合适的工作或者觉得自己没有受到足够多的挑战。这样的陈述会让人觉得你没有目标、很迷茫。而且面试官可能会想:为什么我们的这个职位对你来说会有所不同?你很可能会在六个月之内辞职。这也会让人有疑问:你之前和你的经理的关系属于哪种类型?听起来你们之间并没有敞开心扉交流过。
[24] 管理者通常喜欢那些具有自我掌控能力并积极行动从而实现自我成长的人,这样的员工能够非常好地完成工作,还能为团队贡献自己的想法和解决方案。在讨论你当前的职能时,如果你处于管理层或领导岗位,千万不要把所有成绩或成就都归功于你自己。要强调你的团队以及如何通过他们的才能实现了你的愿景。大多数成功的领导者都明白,只有团队优秀,他们自己才优秀。在面试中承认这一点,将大大有利于你表明一件事:你可能是你所申请的职位的合适人选。
最后,要清楚地了解你的职能。试着传达一种“你能灵活适应新职位”的印象。询问你的职能,意味着你能把自己完全定位到雇主对你的期望上。实际上,你的职能就是你要做的事情。[25] 在小公司尤其如此,在小公司,适应能力和承担新职责的能力非常重要。如果你刚开始工作,这一点同样很重要。初级水平的被面试者最好在大多数面试中展示多样的技能。拥有多样的技能是很重要的,因为许多新成立的公司和小公司发展都非常迅速。成长型公司的雇主们要找的是那些聪明、能迅速适应并脱颖而出的候选人。

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.

22.What does the speaker say can easily prevent an interviewee from getting a job?
A) Failure to make sufficient preparations.
B) Looking away from the hiring manager.
C) Saying the wrong thing at the wrong time.
D) Making a wrong judgment of the interview.

23.What should the interviewee avoid doing in an interview?
A) Complaining about their previous job.
B) Inquiring about their salary to be paid.
C) Exaggerating their academic background.
D) Understanding their previous achievements.

24.What kind of employees do companies like to recruit?
A) Those who have both skills and experience.
B) Those who get along well with colleagues.
C) Those who take initiative in their work.
D) Those who are loyal to their managers.

25.What is especially important for those working in a small company?
A) Ability to shoulder new responsibilities.
B) Experience of performing multiple roles.
C) Readiness to work to flexible schedules.
D) Skills to communicate with colleagues.

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