2021年12月英语六级真题 第2套


Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

M: Good morning and welcome to People in the News![1]With me today is Megan Brown, an environmental activist whose controversial new book Beyond Recycling is making headlines.
W: Hi, Bryan! Thanks for having me today. I'm excited to explain to the audience what my book is really about.
M:[2]Critics of your book assert that you're trying to force radical changes on the entire country. Some claim that you want to force everyone to eat a vegetarian diet and make private transport illegal.
W: I'm aware of those claims, but they simply aren't true. People who haven't read the book are making assumptions about my arguments.[2]They know I am a vegetarian, that I don't wear leather or fur, and that I always use public transportation. So, they are depicting me as a radical animal rights activist and an environmentalist determined to force my beliefs on others.
M: But don't you want others to adopt your practices? You've campaigned for animal rights and environment for decades.
W: I'd love it if people chose to live as I do. But my life choices are based on my personal convictions. They aren't my recommendations for others who don't share those convictions.
M: Well, in this excerpt from your book, you argue that meat consumption and private transport are devastating the environment, and that the best choices for the planet are vegetarian diets and public transport.
W: I did write that. But those are examples what I call best practices, not what I'm actually suggesting.[3]In my guidelines for saving the environment, I suggest modest changes, like eating vegetarian meals two days a week.
M: You also endorse high taxes on meat and other animal products, and increase taxes on gasoline. Those taxes could force poor people to adopt your life choices.
W:[4]But the taxes I suggest aren't that high, less than 3 percent only, plus the money generated would be allocated to environmental protection which benefits everyone.


Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

1.What do we learn about the woman's new book?
A) It has been very favorably received.
B) It has given rise to much controversy.
C) It offends many environmentalists.
D) It was primarily written for vegetarians.

2.What do some critics say about the author of the book?
A) She neglects people's efforts in animal protection.
B) She ignores the various benefits of public transport.
C) She tries to force people to accept her radical ideas.
D) She insists vegetarians are harming the environment.

3.What does the woman claim about the diet changes she suggested?
A) They are modest.
B) They are rational.
C) They are revolutionary.
D) They are significant.

4.What does the woman say about her suggested tax increase?
A) It would force poor people to change their diet.
B) It would need support from the general public.
C) It would generate money for public health.
D) It would help to protect the environment.

M: With me in the studio today is Ms. Jane Logan, author of a new book Secrets to Success.[5]She claims to have uncovered how people achieve success. So Ms. Logan, in your book, you claim that successful people have many things in common. For instance, they know their strengths when pursuing a goal.
W: That's right. They also tend to be motivated by a negative or positive life event.[6]They credit their success to having someone in their life who believes in them.
M: You also write that there are a number of different factors related to success. And while successful people are driven to achieve their goals, the ultra-successful have even greater ambition.
W: Yes. Greater ambition, as well as a burning desire to be the best of the best, is also a common characteristic.
M: Right.[7]So, those who are determined don't see obstacles as something that prevents success, but mere inconveniences that need to be overcome.
W: Absolutely.[7]Successful people are also optimistic, as it is important to stay positive while being aware of obstacles that can deter us from achieving our goals.
M: That's a good point. All too often, people give up at the first hurdle. Would you say then that most successful people make it all by themselves?
W: Not exactly. They are usually good at cooperating with people and understanding the needs of others.
M: So people would be willing to help them, I guess.
W: That's correct. And this often leads to a great deal of mutual respect, whether it's with a colleague, an assistant or even a receptionist.
M: Most successful people, I know, are very passionate about their work. Would you say that passion is the single biggest key to success?
W:[8]Not entirely. There's a prerequisite, that is, you have to work in an environment that nurtures passion. If that exists, success will follow.


Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

5.What has the woman revealed in her book?
A) What makes people successful.
B) How she achieved her life's goal.
C) Why many people fight so hard for success.
D) Where successful people's strengths come from.

6.What do successful people attribute their achievements to?
A) Having a realistic attitude towards life.
B) Having a firm belief in their own ability.
C) Having someone who is ready to help them.
D) Having someone who has confidence in them.

7.What do successful people do when faced with difficulties?
A) They remain calm.
B) They stay positive.
C) They try hard to appear optimistic.
D) They adjust their goals accordingly.

8.What is one prerequisite for passionate work according to the woman?
A) Highly cooperative teammates.
B) Mutual respect among colleagues.
C) A nurturing environment.
D) An understanding leadership.

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  • 这题有点难。。。。